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FY 2018 Income Limits Documentation System

FY 2018 Low-Income ($level$%) Income Limits Calculation

The Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998 established a new income limit standard based on 30 percent of median family income, which was to be adjusted for family size and for areas of unusually high or low family income. A statutory change was made in 1999 to clarify that these income limits should be tied to the Section 8 very low-income limits. The preliminary 30 percent income limits, therefore, are calculated as 30/50ths (60 percent) of the Section 8 very low-income limits.

The FY 2014 Consolidated Appropriations Act changed the definition of extremely low-income to be the greater of 30/50ths (60 percent) of the Section 8 very low-income limit or the poverty guideline as established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), provided that this amount is not greater than the Section 8 50% very low-income limit.

  1. The first step in establishing the Extremely Low Income Limit is establishing the preliminary 4-person income limit. This is accomplished by multiplying the 4-Person Very Low-Income limit by 0.6 (30%/50%). The calculations are as follows:
    Area 4-Person
    Very Low-Income Limit
    Preliminary 4-Person
    Extremely Low-Income Limit
  2. Preliminary Low-Income Limits for each person size are calculated, and compared to the poverty guidelines as established by the Department of Health and Human Services.

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    Preliminary Extremely Low-Income Limits
    Table (a)
    Area 1-Person
    70% of 4-Person Limit
    2-Person
    80% of 4-Person Limit
    3-Person
    90% of 4-Person Limit
    4-Person 5-Person
    108% of 4-Person Limit
    6-Person
    116% of 4-Person Limit
    7-Person
    124% of 4-Person Limit
    8-Person
    132% of 4-Person Limit
    Table (b)
    Area HHS 1-Person Guideline HHS 2-Person Guideline HHS 3-Person Guideline HHS 4-Person Guideline HHS 5-Person Guideline HHS 6-Person Guideline HHS 7-Person Guideline HHS 8-Person Guideline
    $hhs_area$
    Poverty Guideline Adjusted Extremely Low-Income Limits
    Table (c)
    Maximum of Table (a) and Table (b)
    Area 1-Person 2-Person 3-Person 4-Person 5-Person 6-Person 7-Person 8-Person
  3. The poverty guideline adjusted Extremely Low Income Limits are checked to ensure they are not greater than the Very Low Income Limits (50% Income Limits).

    Very Low (50%) Income Limits
    Table (d)
    Area 1-Person 2-Person 3-Person 4-Person 5-Person 6-Person 7-Person 8-Person
    Final Extremely Low-Income Limits
    Minimum of Table (c) and Table (d)
    Area 1-Person 2-Person 3-Person 4-Person 5-Person 6-Person 7-Person 8-Person

Calculator For Determing Extremely Low Income Limits For Families With More Than 8 People


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