FY 2008 Income Limits Documentation System

Median Family Income Calculation Methodology

FY 2008 estimates again take advantage of the 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) data published from the Bureau of the Census. While HUD's FY2008 median family income (MFI) estimates are still updates of 2000 Census data, the 2008 HUD update factors are similar to the methodology employeed to generate FY2007 update factors. In general:

HUD's FY 2008 MFI estimates make more extensive use of ACS data than previously, although local Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) wage data continue to be used to influence estimates for areas of less than 65,000 in population. All estiamtes are projected forward from 2006 to April 1, 2008, using an annual trend factor of 3.5 percent. Except for minor modifications, HUD continues to use the same area definitions used in FY2006.

Comparisons between FY2007 HUD median family incomes and FY2008 median family incomes are valid as indicators of local median family income changes. Overall there are increases in family incomes between these two years.

Due to it's size, the Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area has published local area 2006 ACS Survey results.

The step-by-step normal procedures used to develop FY 2008 estimates for Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area are as follows:

  1. The 2000 Census was used to estimate what are treated as mid-1999 local median family income estimates.

  2. The 2000 Census estimates are updates from mid-1999 to end-2006 using the following formula:

    (1 - 5*MoER)*
    ACS Local Median 2006

    Census Local Median 2000
    ACS State Median 2006

    Census State Median2000

    Where MoER is the "margin of error ratio." The MoER is defined as the margin of error of the 2006 ACS local MFI estimate divided by the 2006 ACS estimate of local MFI. The weight assigned to the change in local median family income from the ACS is the larger of 1 minus 5 times the MoER or zero and the weight assigned to the change in state MFI is five times the local MoER, or one, whichever is smaller.

    NOTE:ACS estimates are based on samples drawn throughout the survey year that ask about income for the previous 12 months, thereby reflecting income over a 24 month period. All responses are then adjusted by the Bureau of the Census to "annual" 2006 values using the average of the sum of the CPI indexes for the 12 months before the survey date over the annual CPI index for the year. See "Income, Earnings, and Poverty from the 2005 American Community Survey", August 2005 page 2 for a discussion of inflation adjustments made by Census for the ACS. HUD makes a further adjustment to these values by moving the "as of" date to December of the survey year, again using CPI indexes. Specifically, HUD adjusts the annual 2006 estimate to December using the seasonally adjusted December 2006 CPI (202.) over the 2006 annual CPI (201.6). All 2006 ACS and BLS data are adjusted to December of 2006 in this way.

  3. Median family income estimates for April 1, 2008, are then estimated as follows:

    Step 1 median family income
    * Step 2 adjusted local update factor
    * 1.035 (3.5% annual trending) 1.25 years
    = FY 2008 Median Family Income estimate

Although HUD is revising its median family income estimates to use the new ACS data, it is continuing its hold-harmless policy with respect to income limits. That is, HUD will continue to set income limits at the higher of normal income limit calculations or at the previous year's income limits.

The results of the Median Family Income Step by Step Process

Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area Results

  1. The following are the 2000 Census Median Incomes (as of 1999) for:

    Area 2000 Census
    Median Family Income
    Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area $59,955
    NOTE: Since HUD uses area definitions based on the calculation of Fair Market Rents, the 2000 Census Median shown above will not match Census publications as HUD uses special tabulations of Census data specific to HUD's area definitions.

  2. The mid-1999 to end-2006 update factor is calculated as follows:
    Area ACS Local Median2006 Confidence
    MoER Year End 2006 Update Factor Census Local Median2000 Local Factor Calculation Weight
    ACS State Median2006 Census State Median2000 State Factor Calculation Weight
    Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area 65,188* 894 894 / 65,188
    (202.8 / 201.6)
    59,955 (65,188 * 1.00595) / 59,955
    65,576 / 59,955
    0.9315 57,996 53,457 (57,996 * 1.00595) / 53,457
    58,341 / 53,457
    0.0685 (0.9315 * 1.0938) + (0.0685 * 1.091)
    1.0189 + 0.0747
    *The 2006 ACS Local Median shown here was derived from a special tabulation generated for HUD specific to HUD's area definitions.

  3. The FY 2008 median family income is estimated as follows:
    Area Step 1
    2000 Census
    Area Median Family Income
    Step 2
    Adjusted Local Update Factor
    3.5% for 1.25 years
    Area MFI Estimate
    Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area 59,955 1.0936 1.0351.25
    (59,955 * 1.0936 * 1.043940)

  4. In keeping with HUD policy, the MFI Estimate is rounded to the nearest $100:
    Area Unrounded
    FY 2008 MFI Estimate
    FY 2008 MFI Estimate
    Detroit-Warren-Livonia,%20MI%20HUD%20Metro%20FMR%20Area $68,447.79 $68,400

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