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Fair Market Rents

Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice Voucher program, to determine initial renewal rents for some expiring project-based Section 8 contracts, to determine initial rents for housing assistance payment (HAP) contracts in the Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy program (Mod Rehab), and to serve as a rent ceiling in the HOME rental assistance program. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) annually estimates FMRs for 530 metropolitan areas and 2,045 nonmetropolitan county FMR areas. By law the final FMRs for use in any fiscal year must be published and available for use at the start of that fiscal year, on October 1.
Fair Market Rents: Overview (*.doc, 112 KB)

Small Area FMR Rulemaking:
All information regarding the Small Area FMR Proposed Rule is available from the Small Area FMR datasets page

Access to Hypothetical Small Area FMRs




Final FY 2017 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2017 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2017 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the newly available 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2010-2014 5 year data, and updating to FY 2017 including information from local survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

2017 Data

[Effective December 7, 2016]

[Effective October 1, 2016]



Final FY 2016 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2016 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2016 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the newly available 2013 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2009-2013 5 year data, and updating to FY 2016 including information from local survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data

Final Data

[Effective December 11, 2015]

Proposed Data



Final FY 2015 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2015 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2015 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established in 2009 by the Office of Management and Budget, the newly available 2012 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2008-2012 5 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2014 FMRs, and updating to FY 2015 including information from local survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data for 1 Area

[Effective January 12, 2015]

Final Data

[Effective October 1, 2014]

Proposed Data



FINAL FY 2014 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2014 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2014 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the newly available 2011 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2007-2011 5 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2013 FMRs, and updating to FY 2014 including information from local survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data for 2 Areas

[Effective April 18, 2014]


Final Data

The Federal Register Notice of the FY 2014 FMRs will be published on Thursday, October 3, 2013

[Effective October 1, 2013]


Proposed Data


FINAL FY 2013 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2013 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2013 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FY 2013 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the newly available 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2006-2010 5 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2012 FMRs, and updating to FY 2013 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data for 6 Areas (Effective April 30, 2013)


Final Data


Proposed Data



FINAL FY 2012 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the final FY 2011 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2012 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FY 2011 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, the newly available 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2006-2008 3 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2010 FMRs, and updating to FY 2011 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Final Data (Effective October 1, 2011)



Proposed Data




Final FY 2011 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2011 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the FY 2011 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the FY 2011 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, the newly available 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2006-2008 3 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2010 FMRs, and updating to FY 2011 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.


Final FY 2010 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the Final FY 2010 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the final FY 2010 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the final FY 2010 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, the newly available 2007 American Community Survey (ACS) 1 year data and the newly available 2005-2007 3 year data, incorporating information from Final FY 2009 FMRs, and updating to FY 2010 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised FMRS for 2 Areas (Effective March 11, 2010)

 

Final Data


 

Proposed Data




Final FY 2009 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system shows the calculation of the final FY 2009 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country. After selecting the geography, either the metropolitan area or the state then the county, a page with the final FY 2009 FMRs for that selected area is shown. This page depicts the development of these FMRs. The selected area is defined in terms of the counties in the metropolitan area (or towns and places for New England metropolitan areas) and differences from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, are discussed. The step-by-step calculation of the FY 2009 FMRs is shown and includes the 2000 Census benchmark rent, rent data from Final FY 2008 FMRs, updates using the newly available 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) data, and updates using local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data, where available. Links are provided from this summary page to provide greater details on the development of the final FY 2009 FMRs.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised FMRs for 2 Areas
(Effective April 10, 2009)

 

Final Data
(Effective October 1, 2008)


Proposed Data



Final FY 2008 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the final FY 2008 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the final FY 2008 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the final FY 2008 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, the newly available 2005 American Community Survey (ACS) data, incorporating information from Final FY 2007 FMRs, and updating to FY 2008 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data for 10 FMR Areas
(Effective June 12, 2008)


 

Revised Final Data for 2 Mississippi FMR Areas

(Effective February 1, 2008)


Final Data

(Effective October 1, 2007)


Proposed Data



Final FY 2007 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This system provides complete documentation of the development of the final FY 2007 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the final FY 2007 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the final FY 2007 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, incorporating information from Final FY 2006 FMRs, and updating to FY 2007 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Final Data
(Effective October 1, 2006)

 

Proposed Data


Final FY 2006 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This sytem provides complete documentation of the development of the final FY 2006 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the final FY 2006 FMRs were developed and updated starting with the formation of the final FY 2006 FMR Areas from the metropolitan Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) as established by the Office of Management and Budget, the 2000 Census benchmark, incorporating information from Revised Final FY 2005 FMRs, and updating to FY 2006 including information from local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) survey data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed. This system now includes changes in FY 2006 FMRs made by the February 14, 2006 final notice on 50th Percentile FMR status under the 50th Percentile FMR regulations (see: https://www.huduser.gov/datasets/fmr/fmr2006r/FedPreamble.pdf), the results of recent RDD surveys and special adjustments for New Orleans and Baton Rouge FMR areas announced March 6, 2006 (see: https://www.huduser.gov/datasets/fmr/fmr2006r/FedRegNotice.pdf), as well as the results of re-evaluation of RDD survey results in Puerto Rico published June 2, 2006 (see: https://www.huduser.gov/datasets/fmr/fmr2006r/FY2006_PR_Notice.pdf).


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

Revised Final Data for 8 Puerto Rico FMR Areas
(Effective June 2, 2006)

Revised Final Data for 6 FMR Areas
(Effective March 6, 2006)

Notice on 50th Percentile Designation
(Effective March 1, 2006)

Final Data
(Effective October 1, 2005)

Proposed Data

Revised Proposed Data Related to Changes in 50th Percentile FMR Areas


FY 2005 Fair Market Rent Documentation System

This sytem provides complete documentation of the development of the FY 2005 Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for any area of the country selected by the user. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page containing a summary of how the revised final FY 2005 FMRs were updated and developed starting with the 2000 Census benchmark and including any subsequent rebenchmarking using local Random Digit Dialing (RDD) or American Housing Survey (AHS) data. The tables on the summary page include links to complete detail on how the data were developed.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.


Fair Market Rent History

This system provides the published Fair Market Rents (FMRs) from 2001 to 2005 for any area of the country selected by the user. It does not provide documentation of, or supporting data for, the derivation of these FMRs. After selecting the desired geography, the user is provided a page showing FMRs for their selected area. Links are provided to the 2005 FMR Documentation System information for the user's selected area.


Note: The FMR Documentation Systems are intended to provide an in-depth exposition of the methodology used to generate Fair Market Rents for a given geographic area selected by the user. The actual FMRs published in the Federal Register are computed using data on rent distributions that are prohibited from public release under Title XIII to protect the confidentiality of respondents. The documentation systems re-calculate Fair Market Rents based on publicly available data from the 2000 Census. These data contain rounded distributions to assure the confidentiality of respondents. Calculations using the rounded data may not produce the same result as calculations using the protected data. Consequently, the documentation system provides a demonstration of the methodology and results that are close to, but in some cases different from, the official FMRs published for a given year. The difference between HUD's actual results and those demonstrated here are inversely related to the size of the FMR area. That is, the larger the area, the closer the calculation based on the rounded data is likely to be to the census base rent computed from the protected data.

2004

Final Data

Proposed Data

 

 

2003

 

Final Data

 

2002

 

Final Data

Proposed Data

 

2001

 

Final Data
Proposed Data

 


2000 CENSUS RENT DATA USED IN CALCULATION OF FY2005 FMRS

These files contain rounded aggregations of the 2000 Census rent used to calculate FY2005 FMRs and bedroom ratios. These files are provided in two formats: (1) condensed zip files, and (2) comma delimited files that are read by many programs, including spreadsheet programs.





FMR HISTORY

Access Individual Area Fair Market Rent and Income Limit Histories

Trend Notice

 

FAIR MARKET RENT SURVEYS

NOTE: HUD no longer performs surveys of local housing markets, but may accept telephone or mail surveys of local housing markets to obtain current rental housing information conducted on behalf of housing authorities in support of annual Fair Market Rent calculations. The information listed below provides information on the type of data that is collected and the instruments that may be used.