Crises characterized the 1990s, much of which related to the cost of expiring Section 8 contracts and deteriorating properties. Several new programs were designed to ensure survival of affordable units and the viability of subsidized housing programs. The Low-Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990 attempted to maintain the supply of affordable housing by offering project incentives to preserve low-income rental properties. HUD faced the high cost of renewing expiring Section 8 contracts. At the crux of the problem, the high cost of FHA-insured mortgages necessitated higher than market-rate rents, making HUD Section 8 subsidies extremely expensive. The Multifamily Assisted Housing Reform and Affordability Act of 1997 restructured these mortgages in order to maintain affordable Section 8 subsidies. HUD was also beset by budgetary pressures and streamlined itself through significant staff cuts, reorganizing operations, and program consolidation. PD&R continued to facilitate housing research and evaluation activity that would lead to informed decisions on HUD policies, programs, and budget and legislative proposals. PD&R-sponsored research during this decade was prolific. Research in the 1990s Review of Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Programs Administered by HUD Studies on Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Successful Mortgage Lending Strategies for the Underserved Impacts of Urban Redevelopment in Central City Neighborhoods A Study of the Success Rates of State CDBG Economic Development Loans Implementing Block Grants for Housing: An Evaluation of the First Year of HOME Evaluation of the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Insurance Demonstration (HECM) National Evaluation of the Supportive Housing Demonstration Program Rental Housing Assistance -- The Crisis Continues: The 1997 Report to Congress on Worst Case Housing Needs National Evaluation of the Shelter Plus Care Program Hope VI: Building Communities, Transforming Lives Testing for Discrimination in Home Insurance An Evaluation of the FHIP Private Enforcement Initiative Testing Demonstration Creating Defensible Space Assessment of American Indian Housing Needs and Programs: Final Report Evaluation of the HOPE 3 Program: Final Report Development and Analysis of the National Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Database Federal Funds, Local Choices: An Evaluation of the Community Development Block Grant Program An Assessment of State Brownfields Initiatives Assessing Property Value Impacts of Dispersed Housing Subsidy Programs: Final Report Reliability of Conventional Residential Construction: An Assessment of Roof Component Performance in Hurricane Andrew and Typical Wind Regions of the United States Factory and Site-Built Housing: A Comparative Analysis Complete HUD Timeline | Download as PDF Crises characterized the 1990s, much of which related to the cost of expiring Section 8 contracts and deteriorating properties.