The Impacts of Federal Welfare Reform on HUD Public and Assisted Housing: An Initial Assessment
March 31, 2005
This report examines the potential impacts of the federal welfare reform on U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) programs and on the people and neighborhoods served by HUD. The report first summarizes the changes brought by The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. It then examines the impacts that these changes will have on projected subsidy costs, noncitizens, longer-term empowerment of low-income families, rent default and evictions, the central cities, and homelessness. To help put these issues into context, an attachment to the publication provides demographic and income data about residents of public and assisted housing. The report also examines the ways in which HUD is helping families become more self-sufficient, detailing HUD's employment training and job development programs.