Accession Number: 3601
Title: Recent Evidence on Discrimination in Housing.
Author(s): Newburger, Harriet
Publication Date: 01/1984
Performing Organization(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC
Availability: HUD USER, P.O. Box 23268, Washington, DC 20026-3268; phone (800) 245-2691; fax (202) 708-9981; or TDD (800) 927-7589
Descriptors: Racial discrimination. Discriminatory practices. Equal opportunity housing. Program monitoring.
Abstract: The use of the auditing technique to measure the extent of housing discrimination throughout the country indicates that significant discrimination still exists 16 years after the passage of the Fair Housing Act of 1968. In fair housing auditing, a white visits a real estate office or rental complex in a simulated search for housing, asking for a particular type of unit and providing whatever information the agent requests. Either shortly before or after the visit of the white auditor, a minority auditor of the same sex and approximate age also visits the real estate office or rental complex, asking for the same type of housing and providing identical or comparable answers to the agent's questions. Discrimination against the minority auditors can thus be identified. Studies using this auditing technique provide information on housing - market discrimination for the Nation as a whole in 1977 and for three metropolitan areas: Dallas in 1979, Boston in 1981, and Denver in 1982. The national audit revealed that in the rental market, blacks encountered discrimination in 27 percent of the audits, and in the sales market, blacks encountered discrimination in 15 percent of the audits. In the Dallas study, dark - skinned Hispanics encountered discrimination in 42 percent of the audits, while light - skinned Hispanics encountered discrimination in the rental market in 16 percent of the audits. In Boston, blacks encountered discrimination in 29 percent of the audits for rentals and in 24 percent of the audits in sales. In Denver, blacks and Hispanics tended to receive less information about available housing than whites in both the rental and sales markets, although findings were not statistically significant. Examples of discriminatory practices from the studies are provided, along with 10 references.