|Title:||Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Congregate Housing for the Elderly.|
|Sponsoring Organization(s):||U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
|Performing Organization(s):||Urban Systems Research and Engineering, Inc.
|Availability:||HUD USER, P.O. Box 23268, Washington, DC 20026-3268; phone (800) 245-2691; fax (202) 708-9981; or TDD (800) 927-7589|
|Descriptors:||Congregate housing for the elderly. Housing mgmt. Design for the elderly.|
|Abstract:||Using data obtained from a sample of 27 congregate housing sites, this study provides a comprehensive and detailed report on the range of congregate housing facilities for the elderly that exists in the United States and evaluates the impact of congregate housing on the elderly. For the purposes of the study, congregate housing is defined as "age - segregated housing built specifically for the elderly (62 years and over) which provides, at the very least, an onsite meal program." The study describes how congregate facilities are developed and managed, how services are provided, and the associated costs of these activities. It was found that age - segregation, an integrated housing and services package, and a noninstitutional environment are the characteristics applicable to all 27 sites in the sample. Beyond these basic characteristics, they vary widely in the services offered, their physical design, and management policies and practices. In terms of sociodemographic characteristics, the residents of the housing in the sample represented all the major sectors of the national elderly population, with the exception of an underrepresentation of blacks. Congregate housing was found to fulfill basic shelter and service needs, help maintain the independence of the residents, and facilitate social relationships. Problems are noted in the areas of cost, a lack of contracted services, and the financial risks of the "life care" contract between residents and management. The appendices contain the sampling design, matrices and supplementary tables, and a bibliography.|