Accession Number: 50771
Title: Factors Influencing Crime and Instability in Urban Housing Developments.
Author(s): Franck, Karen A.
Newman, Oscar
Publication Date: 08/1980
Sponsoring Organization(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC
Performing Organization(s): National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
Washington, DC
Availability: HUD USER, P.O. Box 23268, Washington, DC 20026-3268; phone (800) 245-2691; fax (202) 708-9981; or TDD (800) 927-7589
Descriptors: Crime in public housing. Low income households. Federal housing prgs. Urban indicators.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine which social, physical, and managerial characteristics of federally - assisted urban housing developments are most important in causing crime, fear of crime, and instability. The causal model for this study is largely based on earlier defensible space theory and research. The 63 sites in the study are federally - assisted, moderate - income developments in Newark, St. Louis, and San Francisco. These developments consist of row house, walk - up, and high - rise buildings with a varied composition of rent - subsidized residents. Path analysis is used to estimate the model and to calculate total, direct, and total indirect effects. Ten chapters present: (1) the causal model; (2) study sites and sample of residents; (3) measurement of variables; (4) use of path analysis; (5) effects of building size and accessibility; (6) effects of social characteristics; (7) effects of police and guard service; (8) summary of major findings; (9) discussion; and, (10) policy implications. Appendices, supplementary tables, and a bibliography are included.