|Title:||Participation and Benefits in the Urban Section 8 Program: New Construction and Existing Housing.|
|Sponsoring Organization(s):||U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
|Performing Organization(s):||Abt Associates, Inc.
|Availability:||HUD USER, P.O. Box 23268, Washington, DC 20026-3268; phone (800) 245-2691; fax (202) 708-9981; or TDD (800) 927-7589|
|Descriptors:||Sec 8 Existing Housing Prg. Sec 8 New Construction Prg. Evaluation.|
|Abstract:||This national evaluation of the New Construction and Existing Housing components of the Section 8 Housing Assistance Payments Program draws upon data collected in 16 metropolitan areas of the United States in mid - 1979. The results are focused upon participating households -- how they compare with the eligible population, the degree of improvement they make in their housing, the reduction in their housing costs, and the extent to which they experience mobility and changes in their neighborhoods' racial or economic concentration. This evaluation finds that recipients in the New Construction component primarily are elderly and that there are relatively few minority households in the program. (Most projects were located in suburban, low - minority areas.) A higher proportion of New Construction recipients move from deficient preprogram housing than for the eligible population as a whole. Participants in the Existing Housing component, in contrast, are generally representative of the entire eligible population. As a result, Existing Housing has a large proportion of nonelderly families as well as substantial minority representation. Both programs have a high proportion of households with very low incomes. The new units provided by New Construction offer substantial housing benefits to those in the program, but indications are that the program pays a premium above the market value for the housing made available. Participants in the Existing Housing component experience some housing improvement, as indicated by reductions in housing deficiencies, but a large proportion of the program units still do not meet the program housing standards as they were interpreted for this study. Both programs enable black households, particularly the elderly, to move to neighborhoods of markedly lower minority concentration. Tables, figures, and chapter references are included. (NTIS abstract modified)|