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The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.

Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Double Issue

Volume 19, Number 2

Mark D. Shroder

Michelle P. Matuga

Habitat III

Guest Editor's Introduction
Katrina Durbak

Urbanizing for Equity: Harnessing Upzones as a Redistributive Policy Tool
Rachel Fyall and Alexander Casey

Boundary Issues: The 2016 Atlas of Urban Expansion Indicates Global Dedensification
John Wihbey

Missing ‘Middle Scenarios’: Uncovering Nuanced Conditions in Latin America’s Housing Crisis
Kira Intrator and Kaustubh Shivdikar

Inclusion and Innovation: The Many Forms of Stakeholder Engagement in Habitat III
Eugenie L. Birch

Housing Perspectives on Habitat III: Canada
Janet Kreda

The CRA Turns 40

Guest Editor's Introduction
Carolina Reid

Small Business Lending Under the Community Reinvestment Act
Raphael W. Bostic and Hyojung Lee

Using Credit Reporting Agency Data To Assess the Link Between the Community Reinvestment Act and Consumer Credit Outcomes
Kristin F. Butcher and Ana Patricia Muñoz

Bridging the Gap to Scalable Community Reinvestment Lending Programs
Roberto G. Quercia and Sarah Riley

Commentary: Encouraging Housing Equity
Dan Immergluck

Community Reinvestment Act and Local Governance Contexts: Advancing the Future of Community Reinvestment?
Colleen Casey, Joseph Farhat, and Gregory Cartwright

Data, Accountability, and the Public: Using Community Reinvestment Act Data for Local Community Development
Josh Silver

Commentary: The Community Reinvestment Act Must Be All About Public Participation, but It Still Doesn’t Feel That Way
Marijoan Bull

Commentary: FinTech and the Liberation of the Community Reinvestment Act Marketplace
Michael Gaughan

Commentary: What Can We Learn From Government Attempts To Modify the Allocation of Mortgage and Consumer Credit in the United States?
Anthony Yezer

Commentary: Filling a Gap in the Community Reinvestment Act Examiner Toolkit
Mark A. Willis

Refereed Papers

Are Homeowners Better Neighbors During Housing Booms? Understanding Civic and Social Engagement by Tenure During the Housing Market Cycle
Deirdre Pfeiffer and Eric A. Morris

A Research Note: The Housing Choice Voucher Program and Access to Opportunity in Florida’s Nonmetropolitan Areas
Rebecca J. Walter and Ruoniu Wang


Data Shop: Measuring Disability
Debra L. Brucker and Veronica E. Helms

Graphic Detail: A Cartographic Perspective on the Correlation Between Redlining and Public Health in Austin, Texas—1951
John C. Huggins

Impact: Reducing the Flood Hazard Exposure of HUD-Assisted Properties
Michael K. Hollar

Policy Briefs: Project-Based Vouchers
Brent D. Mast and David Hardiman

SpAM: Measuring Distance to Resources
Ron Wilson and Alexander Din

Evaluation Tradecraft: Use of Genetic Matching in Program Evaluation: The Case of RAD
David Ruiz, Dennis Stout, and Christine Herlihy

Call for Papers: Symposium on Housing and Health

Referees 2016-17



Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Subscriptions are available at no charge and single copies at a nominal fee. The journal is also available on line at

PD&R welcomes submissions to the Refereed Papers section of the journal. Our referee process is double blind and timely, and our referees are highly qualified. The managing editor will also respond to authors who submit outlines of proposed papers regarding the suitability of those proposals for inclusion in Cityscape. Send manuscripts or outlines to

Opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of HUD or the U.S. government.

Visit PD&R’s website,, to find this report and others sponsored by PD&R. Other services of HUD USER, PD&R’s Research and Information Service, include listservs, special interest and bimonthly publications (best practices, significant studies from other sources), access to public use databases, and a hotline (1–800–245–2691) for help with accessing the information you need.