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Cityscape: Volume 15 Number 1 | Article 10


The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.

Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Climate Change and City Hall

Volume 15 Number 1

Mark D. Shroder

Michelle P. Matuga

Social Actors and Key Policy Levers for Mitigating the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of U.S. Cities

Anu Ramaswami, University of Minnesota


This article links policy outputs in city climate action plans with environmental outcomes. This task is challenging because different human activities in cities vary in terms of their contributions to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and because the engineered infrastructures that support these activities extend well beyond the city scale. I present a generalizable quantitative approach that uses the transboundary infrastructure supply chain GHG emission footprints of cities to identify key actors and policy levers most effective in reducing the global GHG impact of cities. This infrastructure supply chain GHG emission footprint represents the life-cycle energy associated with provisioning key infrastructure services—water, energy, food, shelter, sanitation, mobility, connectivity, and public spaces—to support the activities of households, businesses, and industries in cities.

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