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Cityscape: Volume 15 Number 2 | Article 2


The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.

Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Mixed Messages on Mixed Incomes

Volume 15 Number 2

Mark D. Shroder

Michelle P. Matuga

Ethnically Diverse HOPE VI Redevelopments: A Community Case Study From the Pacific Northwest

JoDee Keller
Pacific Lutheran University

Janice Laakso
Christine Stevens
Cathy Tashiro
University of Washington, Tacoma


The authors examine a Pacific Northwest Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere (HOPE VI) site that, before redevelopment, was a vibrant, multiethnic community where neighbors united to address personal and community problems. We explore residents' sense of community, trust, feelings toward neighbors, and views about diversity before and after redevelopment. Findings suggest that residents valued diversity before redevelopment and experienced a diminished sense of community after redevelopment. Results are mixed regarding the re-emergence of community. Identifying and meeting the needs of diverse populations is important to mixed-income HOPE VI sites, particularly with the country's increasing diversity. Challenges in building and maintaining community are discussed, with recommendations for meeting the needs of ethnically diverse residents.

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