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Cityscape: Volume 16 Number 1 | Article 16


The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.

Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Housing, Contexts, and the Well-Being of Children and Youth

Volume 16 Number 1

Mark D. Shroder

Michelle P. Matuga

Home Energy Efficiency and Mortgage Risks

Nikhil Kaza
Roberto G. Quercia
Chao Yue Tian
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

As part of President Barack Obama’s Climate Action Plan, the Obama administration recently proposed that energy efficiency should be factored into mortgage underwriting upon the sale or refinancing of new and existing homes. Little empirical evidence unfortunately exists on the relationship between energy efficiency and mortgage risks. Using a unique dataset, we examine the performance of mortgages backed by ENERGY STAR certified homes. We find that default and prepayment risks are significantly lower in such certified homes. Even for ENERGY STAR-certified homes, more energy efficiency is associated with even lower loan risks. These results offer support for taking energy efficiency into consideration in the mortgage underwriting process. Because this research is the first of its kind, further research needs to replicate the present study with other datasets during different time periods and with alternative methodologies.

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