- Borrower Beware
- Volume 18, Number 2
- Managing Editor: Mark D. Shroder
- Associate Editor: Michelle P. Matuga
What’s the Point(s)? Information Content and Messaging Strategies in Mortgage Loan Advertisements
Vanessa G. Perry
George Washington University
Carol M. Motley
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Robert L. Adams, Jr.
According to the Federal Trade Commission, claims in advertisements must be truthful, cannot be deceptive or unfair, and must be evidence based. These rules apply primarily to advertisements that are informational in nature—that is, they are intended to convey verifiable facts. Many advertising messages, however, are intended to evoke an emotional or affective response to the ad; this emotional response would be transferred to the firm sponsoring the ad (Gresham and Shimp, 1985; Shimp, 1981). This widely used message tactic serves to protect advertisers from scrutiny regarding the standards for truth versus deception because of the subjective nature of the claims. The purpose of this research is to examine the thematic content of mortgage loan ads and to determine if marketing messaging tactics vary for general, African-American, and Hispanic/Latino audiences. Using our quantitative and qualitative content analyses of mortgage loan ads, we find that, although lenders rely on a number of framing and message strategies to inform and persuade their target audiences, incidences of factual or verifiable informational content in these ads, such as pricing or loan terms, are relatively rare. We also find significant differences in the use of informational versus transformational themes and in the presence of pricing information in ads placed in general versus African-American and Hispanic/Latino media. We discuss implications for public policy and lending practice.
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