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Cityscape: Volume 3 Number 3


Emerging Issues in Urban Development

Volume 3, Number 3

William F. Heenan


Emerging Issues in Urban Development

From the Editor

Paul A. Leonard, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research

We are pleased to present in this issue of Cityscape a collection of articles containing valuable research that provided the background papers for HUD's The State of the Cities report released in June 1997. The articles contribute essential up-to-date information on the conditions of urban communities. They also explain how the interplay of social and economic forces and technological change may shape prospects for future development and growth. The authors underscore how interconnected changes in economic and social dynamics will pose significant challenges to urban areas in the next century.

As the Nation approaches the 21st century, urban policy must reflect the dramatic and continuing changes in the social, economic, and political contexts of metropolitan areas. The Office of Policy Development and Research commissions research by leading scholars that provides a critical assistance to the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development -- and other members of the policymaking community -- in formulating urban policy. This research demonstrates HUD's efforts to bridge academic analysis with government policymaking to better inform the debate about the challenges facing cities. The authors' insightful research supplies invaluable support for HUD's continued mission to build stronger communities through empowerment.

We hope that this issue of Cityscape will be useful in stimulating discussion and debate about urban revitalization in the next decade.

Advisory Board

Editor: Paul A. Leonard
Managing Editor: William F. Heenan
Guest Editors: Richard S. Conley and John P. Ross

Elijah Anderson
University of Pennsylvania

Roy Bahl
Georgia State University

Ann Bowman
University of South Carolina

Henry Coleman
Rutgers University

Greg Duncan
University of Michigan

Amy Glasmeier
Pennsylvania State University

Norman J. Glickman
Rutgers University

Harvey Goldstein
University of North Carolina

Jane Gravelle
Congressional Research Service

Bennett Harrison
New School for Social Research

Steven P. Hornburg
Fannie Mae Foundation

Helen F. Ladd
Duke University

Wilhelmina A. Leigh
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies

Laurence E. Lynn, Jr.
University of Chicago

Sandra Newman
Johns Hopkins University

John Tuccillo
National Association of Realtors

Avis Vidal
New School for Social Research

Don Villarejo
California Institute for Rural Studies

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research strives to share HUD-funded and other research on housing and urban policy issues with scholars, government officials, and others involved in setting policy and determining the direction of future research.

Cityscape focuses on innovative ideas, policies, and programs that show promise in revitalizing cities and regions, renewing their infrastructure, and creating economic opportunities. A typical issue consists of articles that examine various aspects of a theme of particular interest to our audience. The Notes section highlights HUD research-in-progress on current policy and program issues.

A Top 10 List of Things To Know About American Cities
by Elvin K. Wyly, Norman J. Glickman, and
Michael L. Lahr

The Causes of Inner-City Poverty: Eight Hypotheses in Search of Reality
by Michael B. Teitz and Karen Chapple

The Changing Forces of Urban Economic Development: Globalization and City Competitiveness in the 21st Century
by Dennis A. Rondinelli, James H. Johnson, Jr., and
John D. Kasarda

Technology and Cities
by Mitchell L. Moss

Technological Change and Cities
by Robert D. Atkinson

The Effects of Immigration on Urban Communities
by Franklin J. James, Jeff A. Romine, and
Peter E. Zwanzig

Do Cities and Suburbs Cluster?
by William N. Goetzmann, Matthew Spiegel, and
Susan M. Wachter

Place-Based Aid Versus People-Based Aid and the Role of an Urban Audit in a New Urban Strategy
by Joseph Gyourko



Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Subscriptions are available at no charge and single copies at a nominal fee. The journal is also available on line at http://www.

PD&R welcomes submissions to the Refereed Papers section of the journal. Our referee process is double blind and timely, and our referees are highly qualified. The managing editor will also respond to authors who submit outlines of proposed papers regarding the suitability of those proposals for inclusion in Cityscape. Send manuscripts or outlines to

Opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of HUD or the U.S. government.

Visit PD&R’s website,, to find this publication and others sponsored by PD&R. Other services of HUD USER, PD&R’s research information service, include listservs, special interest and bimonthly publications (best practices and significant studies from other sources), access to public use databases, and a hotline (800–245–2691) for help with accessing the information you need.


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