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A Review of Work Requirement Policies in HUD-Funded Assisted Housing: Final Research Report


Authors: Nisar, Hiren     Matite, Maxwell     Hu, Lan     2M Research    

Report Acceptance Date: June 2022 (135 pages)

Posted Date: April 05, 2024

HUD’s Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) contracted with 2M Research to conduct a study of work requirement policies in the Moving to Work (MTW) agencies that have implemented such policies to date. The project had three main components: 1) a literature review focusing on work requirement policies on a subset of relevant public benefit programs, including assisted housing; 2) A series of interviews with a range of industry and advocacy group leaders to gather their perspectives on work requirement policies in HUD-funded assisted housing; and 3) Semi-structured interviews with the nine initial MTW agencies that have ever implemented a work requirement policy. The report documenting outcomes of work requirement policies in the TANF, SNAP, Medicaid and HUD-funded assisted housing programs found few beneficial outcomes, and more than a few negative outcomes, for program participants. The case studies component of the report addresses topics including: motivations for pursuing a work requirement policy, a description of the work requirement policy including monitoring and compliance procedures, and sanctions for noncompliance; perceived outcomes of the policy and the PHA’s perspective of whether the policy is achieving the desired aims.


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