Skip to main content

Cityscape: Volume 1 Number 2


The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, and practitioners. Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.

Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Volume 1, Number 2, June 1995

Volume 1, Number 2

Ann R. Weeks


Volume 1, Number 2, June 1995

Advisory Board

Editor: Michael A. Stegman

Managing Editor: Ann R. Weeks

Elijah Anderson
University of Pennsylvania

Roy Bahl
Georgia State University

Ann Bowman
University of South Carolina

Henry Coleman
Rutgers University

Greg Duncan
University of Michigan

Amy Glasmeier
Pennsylvania State University

Norman J. Glickman
Rutgers University

Harvey Goldstein
University of North Carolina

Jane Gravelle
Congressional Research Service

Bennett Harrison
Harvard University

Helen F. Ladd
Duke University

Wilhelmina A. Leigh
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies

Laurence E. Lynn, Jr.
University of Chicago

Sandra Newman
Johns Hopkins University

John Tuccillo
National Association of Realtors

Avis Vidal
New School of Social Research

Don Villarejo
California Institute for Rural Studies

Susan Woodward
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research strives to share HUD-funded and other research on housing and urban policy issues with scholars, government officials, and others involved in setting policy and determining the direction of future research.

Cityscape focuses on innovative ideas, policies, and programs that show promise in revitalizing cities and regions, renewing their infrastructure, and creating economic opportunities. A typical issue consists of articles that examine various aspects of a theme of particular interest to our audience.

From the Editor

Michael A. Stegman, Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research

Our Nation's urban policy must be responsive to today's increasingly complex social, economic, and political context. Members of the policymaking community rely on research to help them understand the profound changes and challenges that are transforming the face of urban America. At its best, this scholarship can help decisionmakers accommodate diverse perspectives and types of information, recognize the salient indicators in a sea of facts, identify emerging urban trends, and trace their impact on our collective lives and fortunes. Above all, this research should create a richer understanding of the urban condition that advances the consideration of policy alternatives.

This issue of Cityscape highlights four examples of such research that, taken together, provide a provocative panorama of the urban landscape. William H. Frey and Elaine L. Fielding examine the confluence of economic restructuring, immigration, and suburban hegemony in creating metropolitan regions increasingly divided in terms of race, income, and opportunity. Franklin J. James describes the economic forces that have conditioned the ability of urban areas and populations to adapt and prosper in a post-industrial economic system, and the lessons of that experience for current national policy. Keith R. Ihlanfeldt offers a review of what we know about the economic interdependence of central cities and their suburbs. James R. Follain and Edward J. Szymanoski focus on an important challenge for Federal policy—the inability of the private market to provide debt financing for multifamily housing, particularly for rental units affordable to low- and moderate-income families.

The Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) commissions research of this type to aid the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and other decisionmakers in formulating national urban policy. However, we also recognize that you—as a leader in government, business, or academia, or simply as a concerned citizen—have a direct stake in this policy. We hope that you will find this issue of Cityscape useful in stimulating your own thinking about how we can work together to meet the challenges facing our communities today.

Changing Urban Populations: Regional Restructuring, Racial Polarization, and Poverty Concentration
by William H. Frey and Elaine L. Fielding

Urban Economies: Trends, Forces, and Implications for the President's National Urban Policy
by Franklin J. James

A The Importance of the Central City to the Regional and National Economy: A Review of the Arguments and Empirical Evidence
by Keith R. Ihlanfeldt

A Framework for Evaluating Government's Evolving Role in Multifamily Mortgage Markets
by James R. Follain and Edward J. Szymanoski



Cityscape is published three times a year by the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Subscriptions are available at no charge and single copies at a nominal fee. The journal is also available on line at http://www.

PD&R welcomes submissions to the Refereed Papers section of the journal. Our referee process is double blind and timely, and our referees are highly qualified. The managing editor will also respond to authors who submit outlines of proposed papers regarding the suitability of those proposals for inclusion in Cityscape. Send manuscripts or outlines to

Opinions expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of HUD or the U.S. government.

Visit PD&R’s website,, to find this publication and others sponsored by PD&R. Other services of HUD USER, PD&R’s research information service, include listservs, special interest and bimonthly publications (best practices and significant studies from other sources), access to public use databases, and a hotline (800–245–2691) for help with accessing the information you need.