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Characteristics of HUD-Assisted Renters and Their Units in 2019


Authors: Eggers, Frederick J.     Econometrica, Inc.     SP Group LLC    

Report Acceptance Date: June 2021 (67 pages)

Posted Date: March 17, 2022

This report is just one source of data about HUD assisted tenants made available by HUD. Other sources include Picture of Subsidized Households data available at Assisted Housing: National and Local | HUD USER , location and count of HUD assisted households by location at HUD Open Data Site, and numerous research studies dating back decades also available at

The 2019 American Housing Survey (AHS) included a supplemental survey of rental units receiving subsidies from programs administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). In addition, the U.S. Census Bureau used addresses provided by HUD to identify other units in its regular AHS sample that are subsidized by HUD. Together, the 2019 AHS supplemental and regular samples contained 4,066 assisted units. This report uses information on those units to characterize the 4.5 million rental units assisted by HUD in 2019. In addition, this report uses information from previous address-matched efforts to analyze how the HUD-assisted rental stock has changed over the last three decades. From 1991 to 2019, the number of HUD-assisted units increased by 11 percent. HUD’s program mix has changed substantially as the Housing Choice Voucher program expanded its share from 26 percent of the assisted stock in 1989 to 48 percent in 2018. Overall the HUD-assisted stock is in fairly good condition, with only 2.4 percent of units severely inadequate in 2017, about the same as unassisted units occupied by very low-income renters.


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