Roof Framing Connections in Conventional Residential Construction (February 2002, 63 p.)
The NAHB Research Center has been engaged in a multifaceted research program for the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to quantify the structural performance of homes and to develop or refine engineering methods that accurately model conventional wood construction. The focus of this project was on connections used with conventional light-frame wood roof construction. A literature review was conducted and supplemented with new research on the performance of conventional roof systems and components including ceiling joist-to-rafter connections and roof framing-to-wall connections. Individual connections and connections within full-scale roof systems were tested to quantify potential system effects. Hand-driven and pneumatic fasteners were included in the test program. Test results were compared to the provisions of the National Design Specification for Wood Construction  and to predictions of the yield theory using the general dowel equations for shear connections . Finally, the results were analyzed with respect to an interest in establishing a consistent capacity basis for design of wood-frame connections.
This report is organized in seven sections and an appendix. Section 1 formulates the problem statement, summarizes the major tasks completed under the project, and presents the project objectives. In Section 2, background information is provided on the design of nailed connections in light-frame wood construction. A summary of relevant research is included with the focus on key roof framing connections. Properties of materials used in the testing program are reported in Section 3. Section 4 includes three subsections that present the corresponding tasks of the research program on the performance of various conventional roof framing connections. Each subsection is organized as a self-contained document that presents objectives, experimental methods, results and discussion, conclusions, and a design application example (Tasks 1 and 2). The research program addresses specific loading conditions and aspects of system performance not documented in the reviewed literature. Observed performance is compared to current engineering methods for nailed wood connections. Project summary and conclusions are provided in Section 5. Section 6 provides recommendations and Section 7 includes references. Calculations of lateral load resistance of nailed connections investigated in this project are summarized in Appendix A.