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People Who Experience Long-Term Homelessness: Characteristics and Interventions



Release Date: 
September 2007 (44 pages)
Posted Date:   
December 31, 2008



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Carol L. M. Caton, PhD, Columbia University, New York, NY
Carol Wilkins, MPP, Corporation for Supportive Housing, Oakland, CA
Jacquelyn Anderson, MPP, Corporation for Supportive Housing, Oakland, CA


Disclaimer: The paper presents the views and opinions of the respective author(s) and does not necessarily represent the views, positions, and policies of the federal government.


Carol Caton, Carol Wilkins, and Jacquelyn Anderson document the considerable efforts of the past decade to address the needs of people who are considered “chronically homeless; that is, unaccompanied adults with disabling conditions who experience long or numerous spells of homelessness. The authors detail the prevalence, characteristics, and service needs of adults who are chronically homeless and present a synthesis of recent research on service and housing interventions. Finally, they discuss the implications of the findings for services and for future research. The authors note that rigorous research on many interventions is lacking, but promising practices from the field may help guide the development of housing and services.